Federal contracts are crucial agreements between government agencies and contractors, outlining obligations and payments for goods or services. There are two types of government contracts: prime contracts, directly between the government and a prime contractor, and subcontracts, which involve agreements between a prime contractor and subcontractors who contribute to fulfilling the prime contract.

When it comes to the world of government contracting, opinions vary on the difficulty of different stages. Some claim that the acquisition stage poses the greatest challenge, while others argue that all phases are equally demanding. Let’s examine the pros and cons to help you make an informed decision about pursuing your first government contract.


  1. Lucrative Compensation: Government contracting can be financially rewarding, particularly given the significant budget allocated to Department of Defense (DoD) projects and other federal initiatives.
  2. Abundance of Opportunities: The government contracting landscape offers a vast array of opportunities across various fields, ranging from GSA contracts to DoD projects and healthcare services. If you possess expertise in a particular area, there is likely a contract waiting for you. Government agencies may also prefer working with small companies for specific needs.
  3. Flexibility in Work Environment: Even before the pandemic, many contracts allowed for telecommuting, enabling a flexible work arrangement that accommodates different needs and preferences.
  4. Transparency and Accountability: The federal contracting process is governed by a multitude of laws, regulations, and rules. This emphasis on transparency benefits both contractors and agencies, ensuring honest practices and clear visibility into how products and services are utilized.
  5. Prompt Payments: The government is known for prompt payment, with construction contracts often reimbursed within two weeks of invoicing. Timely payments provide stability and financial security for contractors.
  6. Stability and Consistent Work: Backed by U.S. government agencies, contractors under contract can expect a steady flow of work, without concerns about cost-cutting measures or employee layoffs.


  1. Contract Uncertainty: While relying heavily on a government contract, it’s important to remember that contracts have an end date. Competitive bidding processes may lead to contract changes or loss, introducing uncertainties for ongoing business operations.
  2. Competition with Larger Corporations: As your business thrives with a contract, larger corporations may take notice and attempt to outbid you in future contract opportunities, posing a challenge to sustain your position.
  3. Limited Government Benefits: Contractors, although working for the government indirectly, do not receive the same benefits as government employees. This includes pensions, retirement packages, health insurance, and paid time off.
  4. Complex Rules and Regulations: Federal contracts involve navigating a maze of rules and regulations. Contractors must ensure their companies are well-prepared during the bidding process, throughout the contract’s duration, and even after its completion.
  5. Challenges in Interactions with Government Officials and Workers: Friction between contractors and some government officials or workers can arise, with some officials undervaluing contractor contributions. Additionally, jealousy among government workers may strain communication and collaboration with contractor counterparts.

Ultimately, the decision to enter the world of government contracting is yours to make. We’ve outlined the significant pros and cons to aid in your evaluation. If you choose to explore contracting opportunities, consider seeking assistance to maximize your advantages. With over 20 years of experience in government contract accounting, Peter Witts CPA PC can provide the expertise and support needed to navigate the complexities of government contracting successfully.

Whether you decide to dive into contracting for faster financial growth or remain in the private sector, thorough consideration and expert guidance can set you on the path to achieving your goals.